They all begin with some ‘hook.’ Often, the scammer (the would-be suitor) will make contact and use something in common or a common interest, for instance, religion or profession, to spark a romantic relationship.
The relationship usually ramps up very quickly afterward.
Perhaps another reason these women easily become victims is that many are less tech-savvy and quite affluent.
Once the victim is sufficiently groomed, they are tested. They can, for instance, involve the victim sending some small amount of money, say, to help the would-be suitor fix their car.
A majority of the scammers are claiming to be from Australia or the United States, but there are others who are claiming to be from other western countries.