Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe.Italy covers an area of 301,338 km² and has a largely temperate seasonal climate or Mediterranean climate; due to its shape, it is often referred to in Italy as lo Stivale (the Boot).
The Italian east coast stretches from Trieste (Friuli-Venezia Giulia) in the north to Salento (South Apulia) in the south and is called the Adriatic Coast.
Besides Mount Vesuvius on the Italian mainland, there are other famous volcanoes such as Mount Etna in Sicily and the Lipari Stromboli.
Rome, the capital city, is the country’s political and religious centre (it is where the city-state of the Vatican is located).
The vast majority of the country’s 62 million inhabitants is Roman Catholic.
During the Renaissance period Tuscany formed the Italian core region.