Medieval Inverness suffered regular raids from the Western Isles, particularly by the Mac Donald Lords of the Isles in the 15th century.In 1187 one Domhnall Bán (Donald Ban) led islanders in a battle at Torvean against men from Inverness Castle led by the governor's son, Donnchadh Mac An Toisich (Duncan Mackintosh). Inverness lies near two important battle sites: the 11th-century battle of Blàr nam Fèinne against Norway which took place on the Aird and the 18th century Battle of Culloden which took place on Culloden Moor.
The population of Inverness grew from 40,969 in 2001 to 46,869 in 2012.
The Greater Inverness area, including Culloden and Westhill, had a population of 59,969 in 2012. In the recent past, Inverness has experienced rapid economic growth: between 19, Inverness and the rest of the central Highlands showed the largest growth of average economic productivity per person in Scotland and the second greatest growth in the United Kingdom as a whole, with an increase of 86%.
Allt Muineach (The Thicket River) now runs underground between Culcabock Roundabout and Millburn Roundabout.
An Loch Gorm (The Turquoise Loch), a small sea loch which was situated beside Morrisons supermarket, was filled in during the 19th century and lives on only in the name of Lochgorm Warehouse.
Also at Clachnaharry, Fuaran Priseag ("The Precious Well") was said to have been blessed by Saint Kessock and could treat weak and sore eyes, as well as expelling evil and shielding curses if a silver coin was offered.